Open Future HealthRecent General Dietary Research

Given the size of the problem, this research is disappointing for me. This is the mainstream, the easy funding, but you can see; it's going nowhere.

Good News: Local FileSince 2002, there has been another thread in dietary research, looking at LCHF diets. The studies are small, and tightly controlled, and the results are very interesting.

General Dietary Research, 2003 to 2010

Eating More Often – Increases Obesity

WWW LinkDoes hunger and satiety drive eating anymore? Increasing eating occasions and decreasing time between eating occasions in the United States.

Barry M Popkin and Kiyah J Duffey

US children and adults are consuming foods more frequently throughout the day than they did 30 y ago. Researchers undertaking future clinical, preload, and related food studies need to consider these marked shifts as they attempt to design their research to fit the reality of the eating patterns of free-living individuals.

Mediterranean Diet – Mixed Results

WWW LinkObesity and the Mediterranean diet: a systematic review of observational and intervention studies.

Buckland G1, Bach A, Serra-Majem L.

World Health Organization projections estimate that worldwide approximately one-third of adults are overweight and one-tenth are obese. There is accumulating research into the Mediterranean diet and whether it could prevent or treat obesity.

13 studies reported that Mediterranean diet adherence was significantly related to less overweight/obesity or more weight loss. Eight studies found no evidence of this association. Epidemiological studies should use a consistent universal definition of the Mediterranean diet, and address common methodological limitations to strengthen the quality of research in this area.

Food Patterns – Low-Fat and High-Fibre diets – Reduced Weight Gain

WWW LinkFood patterns measured by factor analysis and anthropometric changes in adults.

PK Newby, Denis Muller, Judith Hallfrisch, Reubin Andres, and Katherine L Tucker

Sixty-five percent of US adults are overweight, and 31% of these adults are obese. Obesity results from weight gains over time; however, dietary determinants of weight gain remain controversial.

Our results suggest that a pattern rich in reduced-fat dairy products and high-fiber foods may lead to smaller gains in BMI in women and smaller gains in waist circumference in both women and men.

Moderate Alcohol Lower Weight Gain Risk

WWW LinkAlcohol consumption, weight gain, and risk of becoming overweight in middle-aged and older women.

PK Newby, Denis Muller, Judith Hallfrisch, Reubin Andres, and Katherine L Tucker

Compared with nondrinkers, initially normal-weight women who consumed a light to moderate amount of alcohol gained less weight and had a lower risk of becoming overweight and/or obese during 12.9 years of follow-up.

Sugar Sweetened Drinks Increase Risk

WWW LinkSugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis.

Vasanti S. Malik, SCD1, Barry M. Popkin, PHD2, George A. Bray, MD3, Jean-Pierre Després, PHD4, Walter C. Willett, MD, DRPH1,5 and Frank B. Hu, MD, PHD1

In addition to weight gain, higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with development of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. These data provide empirical evidence that intake of sugar-sweetened beverages should be limited to reduce obesity-related risk of chronic metabolic diseases.

Drinking Milk – Mixed Results

WWW LinkMilk, dairy fat, dietary calcium, and weight gain: a longitudinal study of adolescents.

Catherine S. Berkey, ScD; Helaine R. H. Rockett, MS, RD; Walter C. Willett, MD, DrPH; Graham A. Colditz, MD, DrPH

Milk is promoted as a healthy beverage for children, but some researchers believe that estrone and whey protein in dairy products may cause weight gain. Others claim that dairy calcium promotes weight loss.

Children who drank the most milk gained more weight, but the added calories appeared responsible. Contrary to our hypotheses, dietary calcium and skim and 1% milk were associated with weight gain, but dairy fat was not. Drinking large amounts of milk may provide excess energy to some children.

ArrowReturn to Science Homepage
Printed from,