Heart Disease Mystery
Diets low in fat and cholesterol have failed dismally to demonstrate a causal link with coronary heart disease; abnormal glucose metabolism is a much stronger predictor of a future heart attack. And that points to "healthy eating" and a diet based on carbohydrates and unnatural polyunsaturated vegetable oils as more likely causal factors.
Coronary Artery Calcium Score
A study from 2014, looked into the presence of calcium, which accumulates with the build-up of plaque, in the coronary arteries. By analysing your arteries and calculating how much calcium is present, we can tell how badly damaged the arteries are.
In this study, thousands of people's hearts were scanned and allocated a hazard ratio according to their risk of developing a heart attack. A hazard ratio of 1, up to level 5, was given to estimate risk of a heart attack. Those with the lowest coronary artery calcium score had the lowest hazard ratio.
Some people believe, that no measure in your body better predicts your future risk of heart attack than your coronary artery calcium volume score.
Clogged artery does not cause heart disease.
A clogged artery is normally safe because, as the artery closes up, the body responds to the problem by developing what are known as collateral arteries that take blood past the obstruction.
What kills you is a sudden rupturing of plaque caused by inflammation in an area of a blood vessel that has narrowed, which causes a blood clot to occur, and where there is no collateral blood supply. The inflammation and rupture are the critical causes of a heart attack.
Heart Disease in Diabetics
Dysglycemia is a malfunction in the way the body deals with glucose in the blood. It's well recognised as a factor leading to type 2 diabetes.
In general, study has demonstrated that multiple risk factors for coronary heart disease are worsened for diabetics who consume the low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet so often recommended to reduce these risks. This is because high levels of glucose in the blood over a long period of time "glycosylate" haemoglobin. (Glucose molecules become attached to the red blood cells.)
This glycosylation was found to increase the risk of a heart attack in both diabetics and non-diabetics in a 2005 study by scientists at Johns Hopkins University. In this study, non-diabetics risk was more than doubled. Once again the message is reduce your intake of carbohydrates, to protect against heart disease.
Higher Risk in the Elderly
All our cells rely on a constant and sufficient supply of cholesterol. Still, advice today, is aimed at lowering cholesterol levels in people of all ages, but these facts together suggest that drug or dietary regimes aimed at lowering cholesterol in people aged over seventy might well shorten their lives.
By 1980, it was obvious that the predictive value of total cholesterol was weak. The Framingham Study was intended to produce the most conclusive evidence. The study began in 1948. By 1978, after 30 years this was the result.
|Men and Women||205-264 mg/dL||No relationship|
|Men||Less than 220 mg/dL||Increased risk|
|Men||Mid-range mg/dL||Increased risk|
|Men||Greater than 220 mg/dL||Decreased risk|
So that's a total failure to prove that high total cholesterol causes heart attacks. More-over the evidence shows that at least for older men high total cholesterol might be protective.